Cervical cancer is the second most common in women between 15 and 44 years in USA. Most often it appears in over 54 years but in recent years, it has been increasingly affecting young women. What is cervical cancer? Cancer is an abnormal proliferation of cells, and in the case of cervical cancer such proliferation occurs in the cervix. However, it may extend to the vagina, uterus, lymph nodes and rectum.
Risk factors for cervical cancer
– Age: older women are more vulnerable.
– Genetics: it is common to appear in women whose mothers also had cervical cancer.
– Cigarette and alcohol.
– The incidence is higher in environments of low socioeconomic status.
– Early age of first intercourse.
– High number of sexual partners (important factor in prostitutes).
– Have or have had any sexually transmitted disease. In this group of infection, the risk is especially important with human papillomavirus.
– It is believed that hormonal contraceptives can also play an important role.
– It is also more common in women who have given birth once in those who have not had children.
– Immunosuppression: AIDS, women who have got some transplant.
Symptoms of cervical cancer
The cervical cancer is often asymptomatic in the early stages of the disease. Once it begins to manifest, appear acyclic vaginal bleeding (this differentiates from periods), and often pain after intercourse. In the beginning there are small losses that are becoming progressively more abundant.
Moreover, vaginal discharge turns a pinkish as “washing water flesh”. Also, it appears pelvic pain radiating down the legs. Other cervical cancer symptoms include painful urination, blood in feces and urine, constipation and continued painful and ineffective bowel movement.
At all times the main manifestations of the disease are accompanied by a number of symptoms common to many other diseases such as loss of appetite, weight loss, fatigue and malaise.
In advanced stages appear fistulas or rectal bladder. Fistulas are abnormal communications between neighboring organs that should not be present.