The treatment options available for bladder cancer

Treatment for bladder cancer will vary from patient to patient. The best treatment for an individual patient will depend on the type and stage of cancer, the health of the individual, and the patient’s personal preferences.


transurethral resection surgery of bladder cancerThere are a variety of surgeries that may be performed as treatment options. If the bladder cancer is found only in the inner lining of the bladder, transurethral resection surgery is done. The doctor will insert a small loop into the urethra and through to the bladder. The loop will then burn the cancer cells by means of an electrical current.

Another surgery is called partial cystectomy. The doctor will remove the part of the bladder that has the cancer cells. This type of surgery is a good option if the cancer is contained in one area of the bladder and can be removed without disturbing bladder function.

A radical cystectomy may be considered if the cancer has spread into the layers of the bladder wall. The doctor will remove the entire bladder and surrounding lymph nodes. For men, it may mean the removal of the prostate. For women, it may mean the removal of the ovaries and uterus.

If the doctor and patient agree to a radical cystectomy, another surgery will be needed to create a way for the urine to leave the body. One option to achieve this is for the doctor to use a piece of the patient’s intestine to form a tube. The tube will link the kidneys to the outside of the body. The urine will flow into a urostomy bag worn on the abdomen.

Another option is for the doctor to use a piece of the patient’s intestine to make a reservoir in the body to hold the urine. The patient can then use a catheter a few times a day to drain the reservoir through the abdomen.


Radiation is another treatment option. External beam radiation may be used. This means a machine outside the body aims radiation to the cancerous area of the bladder. Local radiation may also be used. This type of radiation places a small piece of radioactive material into the affected area of the bladder. Many times radiation is used after surgery to rid the body of any remaining cancer cells.


Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to rid the body of cancer cells. Drugs can be administered through the mouth, through a vein, or placed directly in the bladder. Chemotherapy may be used after a surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells. It can also be a treatment before surgery. This may cause the tumor to shrink and allow the patient to benefit from a less invasive surgery.

At times surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy are used in combination with each other to rid the bladder of cancer and lower the risk of it reoccurring. The patient should talk with his doctor about what treatment of bladder cancer is best for him.

Bladder Cancer Symptoms and Signs for Men and Women

Picture showing the anatomy of the bladderThe bladder is part of an individual’s urinary tract. Urine, produced by a person’s kidneys, enters into the bladder via a long tube called the ureter. The bladder, which resembles a hollow, balloon-shaped organ, is located in the lower abdomen area. Its job is to hold the urine until it’s expelled.

The bladder’s wall has a layer of tissues. The outer layer, which covers the bladder, has fibrous tissue, fat and blood vessels. The inner layer, also called the lining, is filled with transitional cells on its surface. As a person’s bladder fills with urine, those transitional cells stretch. Once the bladder is empty, the cells shrink. In between the inner and outer layers is the middle layer. This layer has muscle tissue. As an individual empties his or her bladder, the muscles in the middle layer squeeze the urine out of the organ.

Bladder cancer starts in the bladder, not in any other part of the body. The tumor that begins in the bladder can spread to other areas of the body and vice versa. The term “bladder cancer” is a misnomer. It sounds like the cancer forms in the entire organ. However, the tumor often starts in the cells located inside the bladder. These cells create the bladder’s tissues.

Normally, cells go through a process of growing and dividing to make new cells as the body needs them. When these cells grow too old or become damaged, they die. Since the normal cells are always reproducing, the new cells replace the damaged or old cells.

When a person develops bladder cancer, the entire “grow, divide and die” process goes wrong. Instead of the new cells developing as the body needs them, they continuous reproduce. The accumulated cells often become a tissue mass called a tumor or growth.

These tumors are either malignant or benign. Benign growths are not cancerous and aren’t as harmful. Malignant growths are cancerous. As the cells in a malignant tumor continue multiplying, its size increases. The malignant tumor starts to invade and overwhelm the other tissues surrounding it. In addition, it takes nutrients and oxygen the other tissues need to function and live. The process of the tumor overwhelming, spreading and invading to other areas is called metastasis.

The cancer in the bladder not only spread to other cells, it also spreads to other organs and lymph nodes. It can continue to spread to places like a person’s bones, lungs, liver and into the bloodstream.

Cancer can affect the cells located in the outer, middle and inner layers of the bladder. Generally, the cells located in the inner layer of the bladder are most likely to develop cancer. Each of the types of cancer located in the bladder has different names.

• Transitional Cell Carcinoma or Urothelial Carcinoma

This is cancer develops in the inner lining or bladder wall. In other words, in the transitional cells that expand or contract when the bladder is full or empty. These cells also line the inner part of the urethra and ureters. As the tumor develops, the cells undergo a change that causes uncontrolled cell growth.

• Adenocarcinoma

This cancer is located in the cells that make up a person’s glands. The glands are structures that produce and release fluid like mucus.

• Squamous Cell Carcinoma

This type of bladder cancer generally develops because the bladder became inflamed, infected or irritated over months or years. The cells start out as thin and flat before they start to multiply.

Overview of the causes and risk factors

The reason why a person develops bladder cancer isn’t always clear. However, scientists do have some ideas about what causes this type of cancer. Although the causes of bladder cancer may not be clear, there are some risk factors that increase an individual’s risk of developing cancer. For example, smoking, exposure to certain types of chemicals, previous cancer treatments and certain diabetes medications can increase the risk of bladder cancer. Also, a personal family history or the disease and chronic inflammations or urinary infections can escalate a person’s risk. For more information about bladder cancer’s causes and risks, visit the causes page.

Bladder cancer symptoms

The problem with many of the symptoms or signs associated with bladder cancer is that they are so non-specific. In other words, these signs are general and often indicate the start of cancer. For instance, blood is often one of the first warning signs of bladder cancer. Unfortunately, the blood isn’t clearly visible to see. Typically, it won’t look bright red or have blood clots. Thus, a person may miss this important sign. In other cases, there is enough blood in a person’s urine to notice or change the color. So, a person may notice an orange or pink hue.

Overview of the warning signs for men

Blood in the urine, or hematuria, as indicated is one of the first manifestations. A man’s urine may appear:

• Red

• Dark amber

• Brown

• Dark yellow

• Bright red

These colors indicate blood in the urine. Also, the urine may be unusually cloudy.

Frequent urination is another sign. Sometimes this symptom can become a little confusing. Frequent urination refers to having to urinate more than five times within a 24-hour period. Also, it refers to feeling an urgency to urinate even though he isn’t able to do so or produces little urine. The reason frequent urination is due to the tumor. As the tumor increases, there is more pressure on the bladder.

Another indication of bladder cancer is painful urination. The cancer cells that develop in the tissues cause discomfort and pain when urinating. For example, he may notice intense pain that worsens during or briefly after urinating. The pain can feel like a burning, sharp or tearing pain.

Men can also experience symptoms not associated with the bladder like abdominal or back pain. Cancerous cells tend to irritate the bladder which causes pain to radiate into his lower back. Men can also experience sharp pain in the lower back.

Men may also notice small bumps or lumps in the groin or neck. The swollen lump could also appear in the pelvic area and indicates that there is a growth either around or in the bladder.

The manifestations of the disease in women

Pelvic pain is one of the symptoms of bladder cancerWomen with bladder cancer typically notice they are urinating more and more. For example, as the cancerous cells start growing along the inner layer of a woman’s bladder, there’s an increase in urinary sensation. In other words, a woman’s bladder becomes inflamed and/ or irritated. As a result, she may experience the constant, urgent need to urinate, even if she doesn’t have to. This may cause her to bear down, or strain, to empty her bladder.

Pain when urinating is another warning sign for women with bladder cancer. For women, this pain isn’t sharp or extreme. Instead, the pain feels more like a burning sensation when they are urinating. The burning sensation is often similar to the pain felt without other types of medical conditions like a sexually transmitted disease (STD).

Hematuria is another presenting symptom for women with bladder cancer. The uncontrollable, cancerous growths not only irritate the bladder’s lining but damage it too. When the bladder becomes damaged, blood cells seep from the inner layer of the bladder into the stored urine. As a woman passes urine, small amounts of blood also expel from the bladder. The color of the blood mixed urine varies. It can appear a dark red to a rust color. It may not be easy to detect at first.

Statistics show that bladder cancer occurs more frequently in men than in women. However, studies show that when women are diagnosed with bladder cancer they have more advanced tumors. Also, women often have a worse prognosis, or outcome, than men—regardless of the diagnosed stage of their cancer.

There are many reasons for this huge disparity between women and men when it comes to the diagnoses and prognosis of bladder cancer. Unfortunately, women tend to ignore the most basic and common sign associated with bladder cancer, hematuria.

Some women may mistake hematuria as a manifestation of menstruation. Other women, who are no longer of childbearing age, typically associate blood in the urine with menopause signs. In both instances, many women with undiagnosed bladder cancer tend to delay telling their physicians about noticing blood in their urine.

Another reason for the disparity between detecting symptoms associated with bladder cancer in women is a misdiagnosis. Some women tell their doctors about their symptoms. However, the doctors may initially misdiagnose it as a bladder infection, simple cystitis, urinary tract infection or post-menopausal bleeding. Thus, this can prevent a correct diagnosis of bladder cancer from occurring for years.

It’s important for women to remember that bladder cancer can happen at any age. Also, it’s important to know the most common symptoms associated with bladder cancer such as:

• Hematuria

• Painful urination

• Frequent urination

• Pelvic pain

• Back pain

The symptoms of bladder cancer in advanced stage

The most common signs start in the beginning stages of bladder cancer. An individual may notice other signs as the bladder cancer reaches advanced stages. For instance, a person may experience swelling in his or her lower legs. Another advanced symptom is a flank pain. Typically, the pain occurs in the lower back where the kidneys are located. A pelvic mass, which is a growth in the lower abdomen, may develop near the bladder.

More symptoms occur if the bladder cancer spreads to other areas of the body. For example, a person may notice he or she is losing weight. Anemia is another sign because of the loss of blood. If the blood loss is too great, a person may experience symptoms not associated with bladder cancer such as passing out, weakness or headaches. In addition to the pelvic pain, he or she may experience bone pain and/or pain in the anal or rectal areas.

When to Seek Medical Attention

It’s vital to make an appointment with a physician any time a person notices or think he or she is experiencing bladder cancer signs. This includes frequent urination and/ or blood in the urine. Yes, the manifestations of bladder cancer often mimic other medical conditions such as an STD, urinary tract infection or bladder infection. However, it’s important to rule out any other possible medical conditions. Sometimes people will watch and wait to see if symptoms disappear. They shouldn’t take this approach with symptoms associated with this cancer. Bladder cancer is serious and life-threatening. Taking immediate action means the difference between catching bladder cancer early or in its advanced stages.

If an individual has already been diagnosed with the disease, following carefully doctor’s instructions is essential. Remember: call the physician to make an appointment when any new symptom occurs. Also, make an appointment when the symptoms such as blood in the urine, frequent urination, back pain or painful urination worsen.

Preparing for a doctor’s appointment

Often, doctor’s appointments are brief. Thus, it’s important to prepare for the appointment before going to the doctor’s office. For example, an individual should write down any and all the symptoms he or she is experiencing. Include any symptoms that don’t appear to be directly related to bladder cancer. This information can help the physician make a proper diagnosis.

Also, write down any important personal information like any recent changes in lifestyle, life or stressful situations. Write down any questions you need answers like whether or not lumps in the groin can occur without signs associated with bladder cancer. Often, lumps and bumps can be associated with bladder cancer.

Know about and follow any pre-appointment restrictions. This requires asking for any restriction while making the appointment.

Anyone experiencing bladder cancer signs or symptoms should not delay in seeking medical attention. The symptoms can be an indication of another medical condition. However, the first step is talking to the doctor.

A 7-Day 1200-Calorie Diet Plan

1200 calories per day is a very effective regimen for getting rid of excess weight. With a well-designed menu, it allows you to lose weight without bringing the body into a stressful state. Do you want to throw about one kilogram (or more) per week and be free to choose the products you use? Then it is this diet that will become for you a lifeline on the way to the physical form of your dream. And if the weight initially significantly exceeds the norm, then for sure the process of losing weight will go even faster.

Dietary requirements for 1200 calories a day

As you guess out of the name of this diet, daily for weight loss you will need to consume about 1200 calories. Online there is a great variety of calorie tables. Many indicate the nutritional value of not only a certain product but even a whole dish. Print them out yourself, and go!

Why this number? This given quantity of calories, according to the conclusions of many authoritative dietitians, is enough to reduce weight and at the same time not to prevent the body from functioning normally. You do not frighten the body with severe restrictions, after which, as is known, the body, on the contrary, assuming the onset of hunger times, with any excess in food, tries to save extra pounds for a rainy day.

A lower decrease in caloric intake for a fairly long time period can lead to inhibition of metabolism and development of muscle tissue. The organism in this case simply lacks energy and tries to get it, from wherever it is possible.

You can eat any dish on a 1200 calorie diet. But, of course, the diet should be based on a healthy, low-calorie diet. If you want to eat your favorite sweetness, let it be a small amount. Make the menu in such a way that the body can be saturated with the substances necessary for it to function normally, which it draws from food.

Losing weight, eating, for example, some sweets, probably also succeed, but this tactic has every chance to lead the body to a lack of useful elements and eventually provoke a malfunction in its work. Ideally, sitting on a 1200 calorie diet, you need to plan the diet so that slow carbohydrates in the daily menu were about 55%, useful proteins – 15%, and 30% – fats. And the overwhelming advantage of fats should be of vegetable origin, animals are quite a bit – 3-5%.

It is desirable to eat fractional. This will help not only to maintain metabolic processes in the active state but also to avoid a strong sense of hunger. As for the duration of the diet of 1200 calories, experts do not recommend sitting on such a number of energy units for more than 30 days.

Be sure, in addition, to drink at your discretion (unsweetened tea and coffee are allowed to drink in any quantities), every day you should drink up to 2 liters of water.

When exiting this dietary plan, you should increase the calorie very smoothly. It is advisable not to increase the number of daily calories by more than 150-200 units every couple of days. And it’s even better to do this every week and watch the weight, having previously calculated your daily calorie requirement, which can not be exceeded. It is also important to note that to minimize the risk of returning kilograms lost through dietary efforts, it is better to introduce new calories by adding dishes consisting of low-fat protein products and long-released carbohydrates (rather than sweets, muffins, sugar-containing beverages, etc.).

Menu ideas for 1200 calories daily

Day 1

Rye Bread

Breakfast: a slice of rye bread, thinly smeared with butter, with slices of hard cheese of low fat and ham; a portion of carrots and cabbage salad, sprinkled with lemon juice and vegetable oil.

Mid-morning: tea or coffee with milk with honey or sugar (preferably the first option).

Lunch: up to 100 g of boiled or baked chicken; a few potatoes that can be seasoned with a few drops of vegetable oil; green tea.

Snack: low-fat yogurt without additives or kefir.

Dinner: about 200 g of baked fish; salad, consisting of white cabbage, various greens, cucumber, flavored with lemon juice.

Day 2

Breakfast: 1 boiled or fried without butter chicken egg; a slice of rye bread; tomato; Tea coffee.

Mid-morning: apple.

Lunch: a portion of low-fat chicken broth with herbs; Cucumber cabbage salad with lemon juice and vegetable oil.

Snack: green tea with lemon and a little bit of natural honey.

Dinner: cooked chicken breast in an amount up to 150 g.

Day 3

fish fillet

Breakfast: a small bun (up to 100 grams) with a favorite filler; Orange juice.

Mid-morning: green tea with honey.

Lunch: a small piece of fish fillet in boiled or baked form with salad leaves and various greens, seasoned with olive oil and balsamic sauce.

Snack: baked apple.

Dinner: about 100 g boiled beef liver and 2 tbsp. l. cooked on water buckwheat groats.

Day 4

Breakfast: a glass of natural yogurt with honey and a tablespoon of oatmeal (or muesli without sugar); tea.

Mid-morning: an orange or 2-3 mandarin.

Lunch: a couple tablespoons of boiled rice and a serving of cucumber-tomato salad.

Snack: tea or coffee and a couple of slices of hard cheese with minimal fat content (or about 100-120 g of low-fat cottage cheese).

Dinner: low-fat boiled sausage; 1 tbsp. l. green peas and as much buckwheat or other porridge at your discretion.

Day 5

Breakfast: omelet from two eggs with greens; Tea coffee.

Mid-morning: 1 apple.

Lunch: a piece of boiled fish and a few tablespoons of salad from grated carrots and cabbage, sprinkled with balsamic sauce.

Snack: a small handful of dried apricots plus tea.

Dinner: salad of fresh cabbage, tomatoes, cucumbers, greens, seasoned with freshly squeezed lemon juice and vegetable oil.

Day 6

apple juice

Breakfast: a toast, smeared thinly with butter; a cup of tea.

Mid-morning: a glass of freshly squeezed apple juice.

Lunch: 2 tbsp. of your favorite porridge and up to 100 g of boiled or baked chicken breast; tea or coffee.

Snack: about 150 ml of natural yogurt without additives.

Dinner: carrots and salad leaves, seasoned with olive oil and lemon juice; about 50 g of low-fat cottage cheese; tea.

Day 7

Breakfast: a cup of millet porridge with the addition of a handful of favorite berries; Tea coffee.

Mid-morning: large peach.

Lunch: a plate of vegetarian pickles and barley soup; a few tablespoons of salad from pepper, cabbage, and various greens, sprinkled with vegetable oil; tea.

Snack: a glass of low-fat kefir.

Dinner: a piece (up to 80 g) of chicken fillet in baked form or steam; a little-stewed cabbage and tea.

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Planning a good low-calorie diet

Diet, in general terms, is the amount of food ingested by a person, according to their tastes and needs. It should be varied and balanced being formed by different groups of food, cover all the energy needs and nutrients of the person. In other words, the daily diet is that we eat or we eat every day to keep our vital functions.

If our eating does not meet these basic nutrient needs, our health will suffer. One of the most recommended diet by nutritionists, the famous Mediterranean diet, because of its variety and type of foods is absolutely beneficial to health.

Therefore, the term diet should not be referred only to those who must follow a special type of food, either to reduce weight, increase it, by deficiencies, or other diseases, which if they are characterized by the removal or addition of certain foods, as appropriate.

The basis of a good daily diet are:

– including a variety of foods in a balanced way,
– to be moderate in refined sugars, saturated fat, and salt,
– allowing to maintain ideal weight corresponding to a good health without sharp fluctuations.

Unfortunately, the bad reputation of diets is due to countless miraculous and surrealist proposals that promise instant and effortless results. The miraculous promises are totally false and dangerous for our body because they are very poor diets in calories and nutrients. Their nutritional imbalances lead to fall resulting in diseases and nutritional deficiencies.

A low-calorie diet should always be supported by a specialist in the field, in this way, to ensure that it contains all the necessary nutrients corresponding to the individual, depending on age, sex, and activity. That is, appropriate to each individual, always with the rate and calorie reduction deemed necessary.
Hypocaloric diet, along with exercise, is the only solution to overweight and obesity. The purpose of these diets is to achieve a reduction in body weight, then get a subsequent maintenance, without rebound effect.

Following a low-calorie diet, the person does not have to go hungry, but on the contrary, it must contain foods that generate satiety but with fewer calories. The success of a low-calorie diet depends on the correct choice of food, the amount and forms of cooking and it helps a lot in daily physical activity to accompany her.

Key points of a healthy low-calorie diet

– The basic foods that should be present in these diets include the skim milk (skim), eggs, lean meats, fish, fruits, and vegetables. The complex carbohydrates such as rice, pasta, bread, and potatoes should be present in reduced amount and legumes once a week.
– Cooking should avoid fried, sautéed, chipped in oils, butter or fats. I recommend cooking by boiling, steaming and porridges, grilling, and try to conserve and cooking in the food own juice.
– Reduce salt intake. To be minimal or avoided, fluid retention is prevented, in addition to excess is not a good nutritional intake.
– Every day is recommended to drink 1.5 to 2 liters of water. This is essential as a means of removing toxins.
– Never avoid or skip meals. Therefore, you must perform five daily meals, breakfast, lunch, dinner, and two snacks or snacks. A snack in mid-morning and mid-afternoon.
– The breakfast should always be eaten, is the intake that triggers our body and that provide the calories needed to start the day. This should never miss carbohydrates. Whether bread, biscuits, toast or cereal, should never miss.
– Dinner should be lighter than lunch because metabolism slows down at night, where more calories in that time range, will accumulate as fat reserves.
– Fruits should be eaten as snacks accompanied with some low-fat dairy such as yogurt.
– Lunch and dinner should consist of vegetables and some food rich in protein (lean meat, fish or eggs). As a dessert, you can add a yogurt or dietary gelatin.
– Complex carbohydrates: rice, pasta, potatoes, and bread should be eaten on a weekly basis. Always at lunch and not dinner.
– Include oils only raw as salad dressing and vegetables.
– Mainly avoid all food that is rich in fats, refined sugars, and alcoholic beverages. Example: sauces, fried foods, pastries, and snacks.

Following these guidelines and accompanying them with some daily exercise, you will achieve a safe weight reduction, agility, and good health. This is the real objective that justifies the effort to change our habits to change to improve our health. Discover an example of a low-calorie diet, the 1800 calorie diet plan.

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How to lose weight?

It is important to have an idea of how many calories your body needs, based on our age, size, sex and physical activity levels. There are many online calorie calculators to help you calculate it. We recommend the one from the website. When losing weight, it is advised to try to lose about 0.5-1kg a week, a safe goal for most people. Do this until you reach a healthy weight for your height. To lose that amount, you will have to consume 500 to 600 calories less than required daily. If you consume 500 to 600 more calories a day will gain weight at the same rate … and eat 600 extra calories accidentally is easier than you think.

Not all calories are created equal

Just counting the calories we consume is not all about: the kind of food we eat can make a difference too. The calories in processed sugar are digested quickly. Sweets, snacks, and soft drinks can cause increased levels of blood sugar, but falls soon after, and leave us feeling tired and hungry again.
In contrast, bread, rice and whole wheat pasta and fruit and other foods that are naturally high in fiber are digested more slowly. They release energy slowly so you feel full longer.

How much exercise is needed?

Exercising does not burn many calories as you feel in doing so. The energy used varies depending on the person. However, remember that the heavier the person, the more calories burned.

Change snacks

Eat fruits instead of cookies or chocolates when you are hungry between meals. Leave aside the chocolate bar (240 kcal) and choose an apple (60 kcal) will save 180 calories a day.

Choose water

Soda cans may contain over 10 teaspoons of sugar. If you are used to taking them, train your brain to drink water or carbonated water. Each can of cola that you do not take will save 140 kcal.

Fiber is the key

Feel happier and improve your digestive health by eating more fiber. Make sure that at least one-third of your plate is composed of vegetables, choose whole grain bread instead of white and eat oatmeal instead of sugary breakfast cereals. Feeling fuller longer helps you resist easier the temptation to eat.


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5 Measures to Regulate Cholesterol Levels

The doctor told us that we must reduce our cholesterol levels but it is too early to start medicating. What strategy can we adopt for the cardiovascular risk to which we are exposed and thus slow down the time to start treatment?

Both diet and lifestyle changing is required. We have to learn what foods suit us and will help to relocate our levels in normal numbers. If you have to get your cholesterol down but are lost in a sea of diets, recipes and dietary restrictions, do not panic: common sense is your best ally. With the doctor’s help, some information and of course, leaving up smoking, you can implement a series of measures to regulate your cholesterol levels.

1. Take cholesterol lowering supplements in moderation

There are many supplements that can help lower cholesterol [source], and more and more physicians who recommend their use, of course with a balanced diet and always after clinical consultation. The artichoke leaf extract, for example, has proven effective to reduce levels of low-density lipoproteins, which also sometimes called bad cholesterol. Many also recommend red yeast rice, whose ability to lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels has been extensively scientifically studied, and green tea, which also helps us increase levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol – the good. [source]

2. Avoid foods bad for the heart

Refined sugars, white bread, or animal protein-rich food should be avoided… When it comes to caring for the health of our heart and against hypertension, it is important to dispense with certain foods and eating a diet low in fat. The vegetarian diet can also help reduce our cholesterol, but before undertaking, you must necessarily consult with your doctor.

3. Fiber

When our diet is low in fiber, 94% of the cholesterol is reabsorbed and recycled by the body, according to the AHA – American Heart Association. Oats, barley, prunes, and beans, among others, are rich in fiber. There are also artificial supplements that help us to consume more of this compound, which helps remove cholesterol from the body through digestion. Depending on whether it is soluble in most common vegetables and certain fruit – or insoluble – which is more present in cereals, fiber acts in different ways during its passage through the digestive tract. If you suffer from intestinal disorders, you should consult a doctor before planning to eat more fiber.

4. A glass of wine

With its concentration of saponin and continued moderate consumption of wine -preferably, wine or grape juice lowers levels of bad cholesterol and raises the good, as demonstrated in 2003 a study by the University of California. Saponin can also be eaten with olive oil or soybean.

5. Against cholesterol, phytosterol

Phytosterols are the plant equivalent of cholesterol takes place in the metabolism and thus prevents its absorption. Combined with a low-fat diet, their continued use can help our body to assimilate less cholesterol and, eventually, accumulate less of the same diet. The natural concentration of phytosterol is very low even in products where it is abundant (corn, soybean or sunflower-oil). So it is incorporated in many industrially processed foods like margarine, milk or yogurt.

Link between Moderate Alcohol Consumption and Cholesterol

Excessive alcohol intake is a toxic habit. However, in different research, it has been shown that moderate alcohol consumption may help protect the body against heart disease. This is possible because there is a relationship between cholesterol and alcohol.

When we say drinking moderately, we are referring to no more than one drink per day for women and as for men, one to two drinks per day. Recent studies claim that people who drink in moderation are between 14% and 25% less likely to suffer from cardiovascular disease compared to people who do not consume alcohol in moderation.

Effect on HDL

Other research has shown that a moderate alcohol intake could improve the level of HDL cholesterol (known by some as good cholesterol), which is protective against heart disease.

Notably, the reports say that the health benefits are provided by the alcohol content and not the type of alcoholic beverage (wine, vodka, whiskey or beer). Also, many experts have noted that these investigations seem to support that drinking alcohol not excessively may help the heart.

Effects of wine on oxidation of LDL cholesterol

The alcohol contained in the various beverages is not the only substance that interacts with lipoproteins. Red wine contains phenolic substances which can act as antioxidants. Studies show that wine phenolics inhibit oxidation of normal LDL. As is known, when LDL undergo oxidation, it is converted into particles that can be phagocytosed by macrophages, and contributes to the formation of the foam cell, one of the first stages in the formation of atherosclerotic plaque. So, wine’s antioxidant properties might reduce atherogenic LDL.

Important dietary guidelines

We must also clarify that it is important to maintain a proper lifestyle to help improve your cholesterol levels, and strengthen cardiovascular health. Therefore it is recommended to drink alcohol moderately, quit smoking, physical exercise 5 times a week (after consulting your doctor) and eat a balanced diet (low in fat and salt, low intake of red meat and high consumption of fish and chicken, soluble fiber, fruits and green vegetables).

Finally, do not forget that only moderate alcohol consumption may benefit to cardiovascular health. Alcohol in excess is very harmful to health.

Article reference

– “Does Alcohol Consumption Affect Your Cholesterol Levels?”

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– What is LDL cholesterol and HDL cholesterol?
– What are the high cholesterol foods that should be restricted?
– How to lower cholesterol by natural means (diet and healthy lifestyle).

What does having high cholesterol mean?

Cholesterol is a lipid generated internally by the liver, and that in itself is necessary for the proper functioning of certain hormones, digestive and body functions. There are two kinds of cholesterol or lipoprotein that shape its structure. The most popular is known as “bad cholesterol” (LDL) and “good cholesterol” (HDL). It is known that LDL cholesterol deposits in the arteries, thus increasing the different coronary risks, while HDL removes cholesterol from the arteries.

Hypercholesterolemia is diagnosed when levels of total cholesterol are over 240 mg/dl, or also when levels of LDL is above 130 mg/dl. Having also HDL below 35 mg/dl in men and 40 mg/dl in women poses also heart disease risk. Cholesterol is essential for our body. But high or very high levels can be very dangerous. Having high cholesterol, and not remedy to lower it puts you at risk for arteriosclerosis and eventually cardiovascular disease. In fact, having much bad cholesterol can increase the likelihood of suffering a stroke, heart disease, and other problems.

Also consider that people who are smoking, have high blood pressure, problems with both diabetes and obesity will be more vulnerable to the harmful effects of bad cholesterol.

What would be the consequences?

If after a blood analysis (lipid panel test), you have been diagnosed to have cholesterol above what is considered “normal” and do nothing to lower it, as time passes, consequences for your health can be quite dangerous. Namely:

Arteriosclerosis: due to obstruction of the veins because of cholesterol, restricting proper blood circulation both to our hearts as the rest of the body.
Stroke: due to the lack of blood supply to the brain. It is very dangerous because it can cause death.
Angina: due to lack of blood supply to part of the heart. It occurs especially when carrying out some sort of effort, gradually disappearing when resting.
Coronary heart disease: can result in a heart attack.

What foods are dangerous and need to be restricted? What causes high cholesterol?

There are some high cholesterol foods that are particularly harmful to our body by increasing levels of cholesterol in the blood. Basically, they are:

– Foods rich in saturated fats: red meat, lamb, pork, sausages (ham, bacon), burgers, crustaceans, animal lard.
– Bakery: Cupcakes, cakes, donuts and muffins, sweets, candies, and biscuits…
– Junk food in general: hamburgers.
– Salty snacks: especially chips, fried nuts, crackers …
– Whole milk products: whole milk, mature cheese, milk creams…also avoid butter and margarine.
– Certain sauces: such is the case with mayonnaise.

Source: List of Foods to Avoid for High Cholesterol –

How to lower cholesterol naturally

Follow a healthy, natural and balanced diet

– Opt for especially for foods low in saturated fat or cholesterol.
– Avoid fried foods. It is better to opt for olive oil or other vegetable oils, such as soybean, sunflower or corn.
– Add to your diet foods rich in fiber, which will help to lower high cholesterol according to CholesterolMenu website. Among these, there are cereals and whole grains, oats, rice, fruits, vegetables, and legumes.
– Use skim milk instead of whole.
– Limit consumption of eggs to 3 or 4 per week.

Practice exercise regularly

Exercise is essential for enjoying good health. It also helps positively in maintaining our levels of blood fats at bay. Practice at least 40 minutes of exercise every day, especially emphasizing aerobic exercise because it slightly increases the heart rate: brisk or fast walking, running, swimming, cycling … Choose from your favorite, you will realize how quickly your LDL cholesterol was reduced significantly (also including triglycerides). Remember, the most important thing is not the intensity but the duration of the exercise.

Quit smoking

Did you know that smoking, although it does not increase cholesterol levels, is able to reduce HDL (good cholesterol)? Therefore it is advisable to reduce the number of cigarettes you smoke daily until completely eliminate it from your routine.

Are you overweight? Reduce it

When high cholesterol is accompanied by excess weight, a suitable option that helps very positively to reduce levels is to lose weight. We should note that obesity increases LDL cholesterol levels one hand, while on the other tends to reduce HDL cholesterol. A helpful option in reducing your weight is regular physical exercise, following a balanced diet low in calories, and eating fewer quantities of food a day (ie, eat fewer calories than you actually consume according to your daily physical activity).

How to raise good cholesterol HDL?

Opt especially for the following foods:

Oils: choose olive oil and sunflower oil in your diet, but without subjecting them to cooking to avoid losing their virtues and properties.
Nuts: eat each day a handful (3 oz maximum) of certain nuts, such as walnuts, almonds and peanuts (yes, natural and never fried).
Also practice regular exercise, which not only lowers bad LDL cholesterol but is also able to increase good cholesterol levels. As mentioned above, the best exercise is aerobic exercise.

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How to Recognize Ovarian Cancer Symptoms for Early Diagnosis

Every year in the United States, over 15,000 cases of ovarian cancer are detected. The mortality rate is much higher than other types of cancer such as breast cancer. The symptoms can be confused with hormonal changes in women as menopause or postpartum depression. The vast majority of cases occur in patients over 50 years, but it can also occur in younger women. Detecting it early is crucial for survival.

1- Symptoms can be confused with hormonal changes.

Suddenly things happen and you do not know what is happening… Gas, bloating increasing while you’re losing weight, you apparently appear fatter. It really does not seem important symptoms, but they are.

Precisely, the symptoms are misleading for many patients. The first signs of the presence of ovarian cancer may be associated with normal hormonal changes in women, especially after menopause. Experts stress the need to see a doctor in the presence of the following signs:
– Unexplained swelling
– Losing appetite for no reason or feeling like you have eaten enough
– Chronic stomach or pelvic pain
– Regular urgent need to urinate or urinating more than usual.

2- Most cases occur after menopause.

Most cases of ovarian cancer occur after menopause. A report by the National Health Service (NHS) UK says that eight out of ten women suffering from this disease have more than 50 years.
Many women do not go to the doctor because they think that the changes that are occurring in their body are common during this phase. It is essential to go to the gynecologist and insist on the fact that your body is behaving differently. The most important thing is to detect it early, but it is very difficult because there are no early advanced detection systems.

3- If you have two relatives who have had breast cancer, request a consultation.

The hereditary influence of ovarian cancer is significant. If two or more members of your family (mother, sister or daughter) had breast cancer, you are at risk of ovarian cancer. Therefore, the most important thing is to be aware and request a gynecological examination.
In families where there were ovarian cancer and one breast or two breast cancer cases, there is a high of developing ovarian cancer. Those who are in this situation can turn to genetic counseling units to identify risk and if you need to, undergo preventive surgery.

4- Definitive diagnosis requires an operation to remove the tumor.

During a daily gynecological examination, the doctor can detect signs of the presence of ovarian cancer, but not as usual. To detect the presence of a tumor of this type, there are several diagnostic tests: a study of the tumor marker CA 125, a transvaginal ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) scan.
The final evaluation of this disease requires removal of the tumor or of one of the implants of the same. If all tests indicate there may be a tumor, the following procedure is surgery for definitive diagnosis.

Image source: – Ovarian Cancer Pictures – WellnessCommunityDC

Can Drinking Coca-Cola Cause Bladder Cancer

Approximately 70,000 adults are diagnosed with bladder cancer every year in the United States, according to statistics compiled from the American Cancer Society. They add that more than 14,000 adult die from bladder cancer annually. As with many forms of cancer, bladder cancer development is heavily influenced by diet and lifestyle factors. Coca-Cola is a popular brand of soda that may contribute to bladder cancer risk in certain people.

Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is a form of cancer that disproportionately affects men and older adults. The development of bladder cancer starts with damage to one of your bladder cell’s DNA. Certain types of DNA damage promotes the growth and spread of new bladder cells, which can form a cancerous tumor over time. Other risk factors for bladder cancer include alcohol abuse, smoking, family history and not drinking enough fluids.


A team of scientists from the University of Birmingham studied the influence of fluid consumption on bladder cancer risk in a group of approximately 900 adults. The results of their research were published in the August 2010 issue of the “International Journal of Cancer.” They discovered that regular drinkers of soft drinks — such as Coca-Cola — have a significantly higher risk of developing bladder cancer when compared to those that seldom consumed soda. The researchers found that the increased risk from soft drinks was more prominent in nonsmokers.


A paper published in the February 2009 issue of “Cancer Science” notes that people who habitually consume caffeine have a higher risk of bladder cancer. Coca-Cola and other dark colors are rich in caffeine. The authors note that caffeine interferes with your body’s ability to destroy deformed cells in the bladder, which could contribute to cancer cell growth. Although preliminary research linked diet soda consumption and bladder cancer risk, a slew of studies have found diet soda to play no role in this form of cancer, according to the book “Prevention Magazine’s Nutrition Advisor.”


The science linking soda consumption and bladder cancer risk is still unclear. Also, no study has investigated Coca-Cola brand soda on bladder cancer risk. Other ways you can keep bladder cancer at bay include following a healthy diet, losing weight if you are overweight and avoiding tobacco smoke. It is also important to be aware of bladder cancer symptoms for early detection. Learn about these symptoms on this website.

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